Global Warming Images
Iceland is a fascinating country from a climate change perspective. It sits on top of a constructive plate margin between the European and North American tectonic plates. This makes it volcanically active, the emissions from which helped create the earths early atmosphere. This geothermal activity also gives Iceland an advantage when it comes to renewable energy. It is the first country in the world to generate all its electricity from renewable energy, 70% from hydro power and 30% from geothermal. As well as generating electricity the geothermal also provides boundless supplies of hot water for household and industrial space heating, helping to cut down enormously on peoples household carbon footprint. Pipes fed with geothermal heated water even keep the pavements of Reykjavik snow and ice free in winter. Not satisfied with 100% renewable electricity, Iceland woulds like to cut down on its use of imported oil for its cars and boats and is experimenting with moving to a hydrogen economy. They are using the excess renewable electricity generation to split water into its constituent parts to create the hydrogen. Pilot projects have seen hydrogen powered bus on the streets of Reykjavik. There is even a hydrogen filling station for the increasing number of hydrogen cars.